Bowel cancer: One of the nation's favourite sandwich ingredients may hike your risk by 32%

What counts as red or processed meat?

“Red” meat is any meat that’s a dark red colour before it’s cooked – this means meats like beef and lamb, but also includes pork.

“Processed” meat is meat that’s not sold fresh, but instead has been cured, salted, smoked, or otherwise preserved in some way (think bacon, sausages, hot dogs, ham, salami, and pepperoni). But this doesn’t include fresh burgers or mince.

Both of these types of meat are distinct from “white” meats, such as fresh chicken or turkey, and fish (neither of which appear to increase your risk of cancer).

It might therefore help to swap red meat for chicken or fish. Or use beans and pulses in meals instead of meat.

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